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currency: Euro (EUR)
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Official languages
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Area
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Finland profile
long boundary with Russia;

Helsinki is northernmost national capital on European continent;

population concentrated on small southwestern coastal plain
Finland history
Finland was a province and then a grand duchy under Sweden from the 12th to the 19th centuries, and an autonomous grand duchy of Russia after 1809.

It won its complete independence in 1917.

During World War II, it was able to successfully defend its freedom and resist invasions by the Soviet Union - albeit with some loss of territory.

In the subsequent half century, the Finns made a remarkable transformation from a farm/forest economy to a diversified modern industrial economy; per capita income is now among the highest in Western Europe.

A member of the European Union since 1995, Finland was the only Nordic state to join the euro system at its initiation in January 1999.

In the 21st century, the key features of Finland's modern welfare state are a high standard of education, equality promotion, and national social security system - currently challenged by an aging population and the fluctuations of an export-driven economy.
interesting Finland facts
Conventional long form: Republic of Finland

Conventional short form: Finland

Local long form: Suomen tasavalta/Republiken Finland

Local short form: Suomi/Finland
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Finland's capital city is Helsinki
amazing Finland facts
Finland Constitution:

1 March 2000
Finland facts for kids
Finland population growth rate: 0.065%
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Finland highest point: Halti (alternatively Haltia, Haltitunturi, Haltiatunturi) 1,328 m
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Finland lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
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About 7% of Finland's land is arable.
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Kemijoki River is the Longest River in Finland
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Finland birth rate is 10 births/1,000 population
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Finland infant mortality rate is 3 deaths/1,000 live births
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Finland fertility rate is 1.73 children born/woman
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Finland climate:

cold temperate;

potentially subarctic but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes
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Top 10 cities of Finland with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Helsinki: 1,159,211
2. Tampere: 313,058
3. Turku: 252,468
4. Oulu: 185,440
5. Jyväskylä: 116,480
6. Lahti: 115,897
7. Pori: 84,294
8. Kuopio: 82,268
9. Vaasa: 64,795
10. Joensuu: 63,490
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Finland ethnic groups:

Finn - 93.4%

Swede - 5.6%

Russian - 0.5%

Estonian - 0.3%

Roma (Gypsy) - 0.1%

Sami - 0.1%
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Finland Exports:

electrical and optical equipment

machinery

transport equipment

paper and pulp

chemicals

basic metals

timber
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Finland Imports:

foodstuffs

petroleum and petroleum products

chemicals

transport equipment

iron and steel

machinery

computers

electronic industry products

textile yarn and fabrics

grains
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unicameral Parliament or Eduskunta (200 seats; members elected by popular vote on a proportional basis to serve four-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
19 regions (maakunnat, singular - maakunta (Finnish); landskapen, singular - landskapet (Swedish))

1. Aland (Swedish), Ahvenanmaa (Finnish)

2. Etela-Karjala (Finnish), Sodra Karelen (Swedish) [South Karelia]

3. Etela-Pohjanmaa (Finnish), Sodra Osterbotten (Swedish) [South Ostrobothnia]

4. Etela-Savo (Finnish), Sodra Savolax (Swedish) [South Savo]

5. Kanta-Hame (Finnish), Egentliga Tavastland (Swedish)

6. Kainuu (Finnish), Kajanaland (Swedish)

7. Keski-Pohjanmaa (Finnish), Mellersta Osterbotten (Swedish) [Central Ostrobothnia]

8. Keski-Suomi (Finnish), Mellersta Finland (Swedish) [Central Finland]

9. Kymenlaakso (Finnish), Kymmenedalen (Swedish)

10. Lappi (Finnish), Lappland (Swedish)

11. Paijat-Hame (Finnish), Paijanne-Tavastland (Swedish)

12. Pirkanmaa (Finnish), Birkaland (Swedish) [Tampere]

13. Pohjanmaa (Finnish), Osterbotten (Swedish) [Ostrobothnia]

14. Pohjois-Karjala (Finnish), Norra Karelen (Swedish) [North Karelia]

15. Pohjois-Pohjanmaa (Finnish), Norra Osterbotten (Swedish) [North Ostrobothnia]

16. Pohjois-Savo (Finnish), Norra Savolax (Swedish) [North Savo]

17. Satakunta (Finnish and Swedish)

18. Uusimaa (Finnish), Nyland (Swedish) [Newland]

19. Varsinais-Suomi (Finnish), Egentliga Finland (Swedish) [Southwest Finland]
Political parties and leaders:
Center Party (Suomen Keskusta) (Kesk) - Juha SIPILA

Christian Democrats (Kristillisdemokraatit) (KD) - Paivi RASANEN

Green League (Vihrea litto) (Vihr) - Ville NIINISTO

Left Alliance (Vasemmistolitto) (Vas) - Paavo ARHINMAKI

National Coalition Party (Kansallinen Kokoomus) (Kok) - Jyrki KATAINEN

Social Democratic Party (Suomen Sosialidemokraattinen) (SDP) - Jutta URPILAINEN

Swedish People's Party (Svenska Folkpartiet) (SFP) - Carl HAGLUND

The Finns Party (Perussuomalaiset) (TF) - Timo SOINI